There are different ways of using solar energy to provide a cooling result and this includes making use of absorption heat pumps as well as thermal cycling by use of desiccants. Each of these choices makes use of different ways to be able to cool down air by using heat energy from the sun. For example Photovoltaic systems could be employed to generate electricity to power any traditional kind of air conditioning system.
One main way of using the energy from the sun to cool a structure is by employing solar thermal cooling. This is a system that utilizes energy from the sun to warm water or a different liquid which then passes via a pipe system under solar collectors. The new liquid may then be utilized to remove heat present within a structure by using an adsorption or absorption chiller device called heat pump. The liquid may then be allowed to circulate again via the system up to the solar collectors, then heated back up and lastly returned back in the chiller.
Another way of achieving solar air conditioning is by using desiccants for instance silica gel. In this form of system the silica gel is employed to absorb moisture from the air within a structure initiating a cooling result and this in turn leads to lower ambient temperatures inside the structure. Heat from the sun may then be employed to dry out the desiccant materials by warming them out and the desiccants can then be used again to extract more moisture from the environment thus continuing the cooling process.
Solar air conditioning may also be achieved by using photovoltaic panels which are usually employed to generate electrical power. The electricity can then be utilized to directly operate conventional air conditioning units thereby providing a cooling effect inside a structure. Despite the fact that air conditioning units with compressors are likely to be less efficient as compared to other available designs, you can be able to save costs by using photovoltaic to power them as this will help to lessen the energy consumed from other sources.
All conventional air conditioners during peak usage tend to increase power grid demands and this frequently results to outrages. Therefore, solar air conditioning systems are advantageous to use for home cooling as they provide environmental benefits because they do not emit any carbon dioxide to the environment. Additionally, solar air conditioners also help to lower grid demand as well as load shifting for the period of peak usage, have off-the-grid capabilities, have fewer power outrages; they reduce electricity costs and also help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
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